About Kazakhstan

Quick Facts About Kazakhstan

QUICK FACTS ABOUT KAZAKHSTAN 

General

  • Independent from the Soviet Union since 1991
  • 9th largest country (the largest landlocked), 4 times the size of Texas state
  • 4,750 miles of border with Russia (57%) and 1,097 miles with China (13%)
  • 1,677 miles of “Western China – Western Europe” highway
  • Time zone: UTC+05:00 (10 hours ahead of New York)
  • Capital: Astana (pop. 1,045,000 - est. 2018)
  • Largest city: Almaty (pop. 1,84 million - est. 2018)
  • The oldest city dates back to 2-3 century BC
  • Celebrated 550th anniversary of Kazakh kingdom in 2015
  • Host of Expo-2017 international exhibition in Astana (theme: green energy)

Political

  • Government Type: Presidential Republic
  • Head of State: President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev
  • former Head of State: Nursultan Nazarbayev
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev
  • Bicameral Parliament: the Senate (47 seats) and the Mazhilis (107 seats)
  • Legal system: civil law system

Economic

  • GDP (2017): $478.6 billion (#42 in the world)
  • GDP per capita: $26,300 (#79 in the world)
  • GDP growth rate: 4% in 2017, 1.1% in 2016, 1.7% in 2015
  • International Reserves: $98 billion (45% of GDP)
  • Unemployment: 4.9% (youth - 3.8%)
  • Inflation: 1.8% (Aug 2015), 7.4% (2014)
  • Foreign trade turnover increased by 25 percent to $69.5 billion in 2017.
  • Exports increased by 30% to $48.3 billion (2017) / Imports increased by 15.5 to $29.3 billion (2017)
  • Major trade partners: EU (49.8%), Russia (19%), China (13.5%), US (2.6%)
  • Major exports: energy (78%), mining (8%) and agriculture (3%)
  • Crude oil production: 1.6 million barrels per day (#9 by proved reserves)
  • Foreign Direct Investments: over $203 billion (since 1993)
  • Government debt: 12% of GDP or $27 billion (42% external)
  • Budget spending: $25.4 billion (3% deficit)
  • Market capitalization of Kazakhstan Stock Exchange: $44 billion
  • Member of Eurasian Economic Union (Russia, Kazakhstan, Belorussia, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan)
  • Member of WTO since 2015
  • Ranked 59th in World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index (2018)
  • Ranked 28th in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business (2019)   Demographic & Social
  • Population: 18.7 million (57% urban, 16 per sq. mile – like Canada, av. growth of 1.6% since 2007)
  • Life expectancy: 71.4 years (2018)
  • Median age: 30.9 years (2018)
  • Ethnic diversity (2014): Kazakhs 66.01%, Russians 21.05%, Uzbeks 3.07%, Ukrainians 1.7%, Uighurs 1.44%, Tatars 1.17%, Germans 1.0%, others 4.56%
  • Literacy: 99.7% (#7 by UNESCO’s Education for All Development Index)