On the first day of spring – March 1, Kazakhstan celebrates the day of Gratitude.
Gratitude day is a symbol of peace and harmony in Kazakhstan, an opportunity to once again pay attention to each other. It is a tribute to our common history, a day of support, mutual assistance and responsiveness.
Our country has managed to unite representatives of more than 130 ethnic groups and 18 confessions representing the 18 million population of Kazakhstan. Friendship, trust, solidarity and solidarity have become commonplace for every citizen of Kazakhstan, historically recognized as a given. Thanks to this, we have formed a unique model of social harmony and national unity, which is highly appreciated in the world community.
The multinational family of Kazakhstan, which the people are proud of, is the result of several migration waves. Over the past two centuries, the great steppe has sheltered many thousands of Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Germans, Poles, Greeks, Koreans, Uzbeks, Uighurs, Dungans, as well as representatives of other peoples who, due to political decisions, deportations or as a result of economic projects, were forced to leave their historical homeland.
For each ethnic group it was a shock that required adjustment of centuries of established conditions of life and farming, entailed the rupture of thousands of Families, relatives and friendships. Their representatives were unloaded from cars directly in the bare steppe, and the Kazakh families who were in extreme need themselves, accepted them in poor houses. The Kazakh people, who were in difficult conditions, who survived hunger and hardship, gave them a warm welcome, opened their hearts, hospitably met, and made them feel that this land was their native land.
Today, a new generation has grown in Kazakhstan – the generation of the “Era of Independence”. They honor their ethnic values and love their Homeland – Kazakhstan. They are united in the opinion that international friendship is the basis of the integrity of the state, which should be preserved and multiplied.
For reference: in January 2016, First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev announced March 1 as the day of gratitude in Kazakhstan by his decree. And the day of creation of the Assembly of people of Kazakhstan – March 1 to choose as the date of the holiday, when “the people of the country can thank each other and the Kazakhs for tolerance and hospitality in the years when many people were deported to the country.”
At the beginning of the twentieth century, 1 million 150 thousand people were moved to Kazakhstan from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus to develop vacant lands.
In the 30s of the XX century 250 thousand dispossessed peasants from the Central regions of the former USSR were exiled to Kazakhstan. At the same time, about 1.2 million people were resettled for the construction of industrial facilities from all over the country.
In addition, 800 thousand Germans, 102 thousand Poles, 550 thousand representatives of the peoples of the North Caucasus, about 100 thousand Korean families from the Far East were deported to Kazakhstan in different years. As a result, since the beginning of the XX century more than 5.6 million people had been resettled in Kazakhstan.